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An Introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics

An Introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics




G.J.M. Koper

An introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics

This book is aimed at students in the fields of molecular or life science
and technology. It introduces thermodynamics as a predictive tool and
discusses the spontaneity of chemical reactions and the power that can be
obtained from fuel cells.
The emphasis of the first part is on applications of the Second Law of
Thermodynamics on (bio)chemical processes and the Gibbs energy is
introduced as the predictive quantity. The First Law of Thermodynamics is
introduced merely to manage the energy resources. The last chapter of the
first part deals with the efficiency of processes where the role of
entropy is discovered.
The second part is devoted to chemical and physical equilibria. The
various relations that exist for equilibria are exposed as universally
related to the Gibbs energy. Ideal mixing relations and ideal solution
relations are constantly being used as a simplified approach to the real
situation. In the last chapter of this part, the deviations from ideality
are assessed and the magnitude of the fugacity and activity coefficients
is critically discussed.
The book is also aimed at chemical engineering students. These need to
know more about processes and their efficiencies. Therefore the third part
of the book is devoted to distributed processes. In the first chapter some
important aspects of formal thermodynamics are discussed, in particular
the role of entropy to identify equilibrium and stability. The second
chapter of this part continues this discussion and introduces the concept
of internal entropy production. To discuss these two issues, systems are
subdivided into two parts that are not necessarily in equilibrium: the
system is inhomogeneous. The last chapter of this part explains how fully
inhomogeneous and flowing systems can be dealt with and how entropy
production can be managed.
The fourth - and new - part of the book contains applications to
macromolecular systems where solution properties, binding phenomena and
membranes are discussed. This part has been added to provide material for
a more advanced course. The topics dealt with in these chapters are
relatively modern and appropriate references to the relevant literature
are made. The author has tried to present this material from a few
unifying concepts so as to demonstrate the analogy between the various
treatments in the current literature. Also, the relation to colloid
science - even though dealing more with particles than with macromolecules
- is discussed.
Contents
Preface
Part I - Processes in Chemistry and Biochemistry
1 Overview
2 Spontaneity of processes
3 Available work
4 Energy conservation
5 Efficiency and entropy
Part II - Chemical and Physical Equilibria
6 General aspects of equilibria
7 Phase equilibria of pure substances
8 Capillary phenomena and adsorption
9 Phase equilibria of mixtures
10 Mixtures and colligative properties
11 Non-ideal mixtures
Part III - Distributed Processes
12 Fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics
13 Irreversible processes
14 Flow processes
Part IV - Macromolecular Systems
15 Macromolecular solutions
16 Macromolecular binding equilibria
17 Membranes
Index

http://www.delftacademicpress.nl/d008.php








Euro 17.00


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An Introduction to Interfacial Engineering

An Introduction to Interfacial Engineering




G.J.M. Koper

An introduction to Interfacial Engineering
This book aims to introduce the main concepts of colloid science and to demonstrate its use in technology. The contents of the book can be roughly divided into two parts.
The first part contains the basic knowledge required to deal with colloidal systems. Chapter 1 introduces some key aspects of colloidal systems such as osmotic pressure, Brownian motion and the Tyndall effect and discusses some applications. Chapter 2 presents the Five Laws of Interfacial Engineering that control colloidal behavior under various conditions. The chapter 3 deals with amphiphilic systems and their assemblies such as emulsions and microemulsions. Chapter 4 summarizes the main results of the vast amount of information available on colloidal stability and chapter 5 covers aspects of rheology relevant to colloidal systems. With these chapters, there is a bundle of worked exercises, taken from the author's own experience and from other textbooks, that is available upon request from the author.
The second part, consisting of the chapters 6 - 8, deal with technological applications such as emulsification, film formation and flotation. In these last chapters some new fundamental issues are discussed where necessary but the emphasis is on the application. These topics are selected such as to emphasize the role of colloid science and and sufficiently general to act as a template for other technological applications.
Contents
Preface
1 Introduction
2 Capillary phenomena
3 Amphiphilic systems
4 Colloidal interactions and flocculation
5 Rheology of dispersions
6 Emulsification
7 Adsorption and film formation from suspensions
8 Flotation
Index
http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/d007.htm









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Downstream processing in biotechnology

Downstream processing in biotechnology




J.A. Wesselingh

Separating and purifying the desired product is an important part of any bio-project. This processing `downstream from the fermenter is both difficult and expensive. This book introduces all the common techniques, starting in the lab and ending in the plant. We have written it for undergraduates in process engineering (biotechnological, mechanical or chemical) and graduate microbiologists doing a minor on the technology that is required to scale up their experiments to a commercial scale. The exciting part of biotechnology is thought to be `bio. That is the place for novel ideas, funding, research, patents However `technology comes behind that - without technology, no idea will make it to the market. An important part of technology is downstream processing: the separation and purification of the bio-product. This is usually the most expen-sive part of a bio-project, and it can require much ingenuity and a huge effort to develop a process that is clean and economic. The development of a downstream process starts in the lab, but ends with a plant. The plant may have to produce a million times the amounts made in the lab. The challenge is to end with a good plant. To do this two groups of people have to work together. These are the lab people micro-biologists, biochemists and the process engineers. We have tried to write a book that introduces the subject to both of you. In eleven lessons it describes all the common steps used in downstream processing, starting in the lab and ending in the plant. The idea is a course of perhaps one or two weeks, depending on your starting knowledge.








Euro 17.00


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Electronic measurement and instrumentation

Electronic measurement and instrumentation




K.B. Klaassen

This text on electronic measurement and instrumentation treats the subject in a general way by concentrating on theoretical principles relevant to all measurements, for example electrical, thermal and mechanical. Dr Klaassen follows a system science approach rather than employing the more common method of instrument description. The author deals with all the fundamental aspects of measurement, for example theory of measurement, systems of units, standards, measurement methods, data acquisition. sampling, multiplexing and aliasing. Also covered are more practical aspects of measurement, including transducers, interference, noise, AD and DA conversion and instrument data busses. This book is targeted at engineers and scientists in both industry and academia. It will be of particular interest to those active in the fields of electrical, mechanical and control engineering and will be widely used as a text for undergraduate courses. URL http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/e011.htm






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Euro 22.50


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Mass transfer in multicomponent mixtures

Mass transfer in multicomponent mixtures




J.A. Wesselingh

Mass Transfer in Multicomponent Mixtures
This is a book for chemical engineers. It allows the engineer to calculate how rapidly components in a mixture move with respect to each other. This is important in the designing of equipment such as reactors and separation units. The method covers both traditional and modern equipment, including catalytic and membrane processes.
The method is based on a force balance of each species in the mixture. (This in contrast to the Fick equation normally used). It can handle any number of components and considers forces due to gradients of concentration; and of electrical, pressure, centrifugal and other fields. It leads to a unified description of all mass transfer processes: distillation, absorption, electrodialysis, heterogeneous catalysis, chromatography, ultrafiltration and many others.
http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/d004.htm









Euro 33.00


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Surrounded by physics

Surrounded by physics




R.F. Mudde

Surrounded by physics

This book is the result of a series of lectures that the author gave
during a number of years to fi rst year students in Applied Physics at
Delft University of Technology. The idea for such a course started from
discussions with our students. They made a plea for an extra physics
course in the fi rst year to get a better balance in the math and physics
courses. Their wish was granted and the author was asked to prepair a
series of lectures with as theme 'Physics of Daily Life'. This idea was of
course inspired by the series of books that Prof. Dr. M. Minnaert wrote in
the 30s of the 20th century. It should not be a course, that deals with
only one of the main theories of physics. On the contrary, the idea was
rather to stroll along all kinds of more or less familiar phenomena. By
touching on these phenomena, different parts of physics and the
accompanying theory would be discussed with the students. Being exposed to
phenomena and open questions and being encouraged to think as a physicist
was more important than providing the theoretical background along the
traditional lines of the sub-disciplines and theories of physics.
Various aspects from daily life were chosen for the examples. For
instance: what is the thickness of our atmosphere and can we make an
estimate based on common knowledge? Or, what is the temperature of the
earth without the greenhouse effect? Many more examples were in subsequent
years discussed. They are taken from the visible phenomena in the
atmosphere, from sound, from the kitchen or from sports, to name a few. In
the book they are grouped in six chapters.
Contents Preface 1. Elephant ears, dolphins and the balance equation
2. The sky has a limit 3. The sound in a cup of coffee 4. Flowing
water and air 5. Cooking, boiling, heating 6. Mechanics at work
Bibliography Index.

http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/c003.htm








Euro 23.00


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Transport Phenomena Data Companion

Transport Phenomena Data Companion




L.P.B.M. Janssen

Transport phenomena data companion

Many of the data needed for calculations in chemical engineering are dispersed over the literature. Moreover, various systems of units are used, often forcing the user to perform tedious conversions before a 'quick' calculation can be started. In this companion the authors have compiled those data that, according to their experience, are used frequently in transport phenomena and related subjects and, since all data are in S.I. units, rapid access to various calculations is facilitated.

This book is of course no substitute for a complete literature survey and no compendium on all data available in literature. On many occasions a selection had to be made from a multitude of expressions. For instance, for the mass transfer to bubbles, drops and particles, dozens of correlations are available. In those cases the most general correlation or the expression most commonly used has been chosen.

This companion consists of four parts. The first part is general and gives information varying from the Greek alphabet to calibration curves for thermocouples and pH ranges of indicators.

The second part consists of frequently used mathematics. In addition to general mathematical techniques, a selection of vectorial and tensorial calculus relevant to hydrodynamics and elementary rheology has been added.

The third part is a compendium of the transport phenomena. A systematic arrangement facilitates its use. The figures are in such a form that easy reading and accuracy are combined.

In the final part various material properties are given. Special attention has been paid to the most commonly used materials: air and water, but also frequently used materials like for instance hydrocarbons, foods and others are included.

For easy access to the data an extensive index is very important, so, special attention has been given to make the index as complete as possible.

[Dutch] In dit boek is ernaar gestreefd een zodanige selectie van formules en tabellen op het terrein van de fysische technologie te presenteren,dat men hieruit voor het dagelijks gebruik kan putten. Het boek bestaat uit vier delen. In het eerste, algemene deel zijn gegevens ondergebracht vari rend van het Griekse alfabet tot thermokoppels. Het tweede deel bevat veel gebruikte wiskunde. Algemene balansvergelijkingen, differenti ren in vector- en tensornotatie, Besselfuncties, Laplace transformaties, elementaire differentiaalvergelijkingen en nog vele andere behoren hiertoe. Het derde deel is een compendium over fysische transportverschijnselen en bevat veel gegevens die in de vorm van grafieken zijn opgenomen. In het vierde deel wordt een keuze geboden uit de stofeigenschappen, uiteenlopend van die van water en lucht tot die van een aantal voedingsstoffen. Een uitvoerige index sluit het (Engelstalige) boek af.


http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/c017.htm








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Euro 20.00


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