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A quick reference guide to LCA DATA and eco-based materials

A quick reference guide to LCA DATA and eco-based materials




Joost Vogtländer

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a well-defined method to calculate the environmental burden of a product or service. The recent book A practical guide to LCA, for students designers and business managers (Vogtländer, 2010) is an attempt to explain LCA in such a way that students and other interested people (non-experts) can easily and quickly understand how to do the required calculations. Another hurdle, however, is to acquire the data required for a specific LCA calculation. Although the internet is the modern source of data, there is still a need for data guides that provide data in an easy and accessible way. Especially in labs and workshops, it appears that look-up tables in a reference guide are faster than a search on the internet or searches in big computer databases. A quick reference guide like this seems to be very useful in the early design phases, when it is essential to have a good overview of alternative design solutions. This Quick Reference Guide on LCA data provides frequently required data in practice, and gives URLs of where more specific data can be found. The authors hope is that this book will not only be used by students, but also by designers, architects, and business managers (and their consultants), contributing to the wider awareness that LCA is an indispensible tool in modern design and engineering. URL on this book: http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/b019.htm








Euro 11.50


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Bamboo

Bamboo




Pablo van der Lugt

Bamboo The need for sustainable development becomes urgently evident. This is caused by our continuously increasing consumption levels, resulting in a rising pressure on our global resources, and visible through the various financial, food and climate crises around the world. At the supply side, the use of fast growing sustainably produced renewable materials such as bamboo can help to meet this increasing demand. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is used in this report to compare the environmental impact of bamboo materials in Western Europe with commonly used materials such as timber. Calculations are based on the most recent data: LC I databases of Ecoinvent v2 (2008), Idemat 2008, and the eco-costs 2007 method for LCIA. The report is targeted towards any stakeholder in the bamboo or wood production chain that wants to get a better understanding of the environmental sustainability of bamboo materials compared to alternatives. The environmental assessment also provides insight in the impact of each step in the production process on the overall environmental sustainability of a material. As a result, the supplier of the bamboo materials assessed, Moso International BV, has improved the production process of several of their bamboo materials. Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Environmental impact in eco-costs 3. Land-use and annual yield 4. Conclusions 5. Discussion and recommendations Appendices: Environmental assessment of bamboo materials Carbon sequestration by bamboo Index








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Design Interventions for Stimulating Bamboo Commercializatio

Design Interventions for Stimulating Bamboo Commercializatio




Pablo van der Lugt

Design Interventions for Stimulating Bamboo Commercialization Dutch Design meets Bamboo as a Replicable Model Materials have a considerable impact on the environmental sustainability of the products in which they are used. Due to the increasing population and consumption worldwide, more raw materials are consumed than can be produced globally, making especially resource depletion of both abiotic and biotic resources an urgent problem. Due to its good properties and high biomass production, bamboo - a giant grass - could have the potential to help meet the increasing demand for raw materials, especially as a substitute for scarce and slow growing tropical hardwood. Nevertheless, in Western Europe, bamboo, especially in industrial form, is still a largely unknown material with a small market share. In this action research it is investigated how the commercialization of bamboo may be stimulated in consumer durable markets through the active integration of designers as potential material champions by means of design workshops. Besides providing insight into the effectiveness of this method and the potential replicability to deploy similar design interventions to stimulate the commercialization rate for other new or lesser known materials as well, this PhD thesis also presents the prototypes developed during the project 'Dutch Design meets Bamboo' as well as the findings of the 21 participating Dutch designers about the potential of bamboo as a Western designer's material. Finally, the environmental sustainability of the various bamboo materials deployed during the design intervention are assessed based on LCA-methodology and annual yield predictions revealing if bamboo is actually a more environmentally sustainable choice than timber. Contents PART I: INTRODUCTION 1 Introduction 2 Intervention Development 3 Research Design PART II: RESULTS 4 Product Evaluation; Market Potential and Innovative Character 5 Product Evaluation; Environmental Sustainability 6 Material Evaluation 7 Impact Evaluation 8 Process Evaluation & Advice for Improvement    PART III: CONCLUSIONS      9 Conclusions & Recommendations    References    Samenvatting      Appendix A: Respondents    Appendix B: Obstacles during New Material Commercialization    Appendix C: Obstacles during Bamboo Commercialization    Appendix D: Role of Materials in Product Design    Appendix E: The Image of Bamboo    Appendix F: Main Elements of Action Research    Appendix G: Factors of Success and Failure during Product Innovation    Appendix H: Product Prototype Evaluation Sheets    Appendix I: Environmental Assessment of Bamboo Materials    Appendix J: Carbon Sequestration by Bamboo    Epilogue    Publications    Colophon    Curriculum Vitae    http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/m015.htm    ;








Euro 40.00


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Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics




M.D. Janssen

Fracture Mechanics

The authors of this textbook attempt to cover the basic concepts of fracture mechanics for both the linear elastic and elastic-plastic regimes. Three chapters are devoted to the fracture mechanics characterisation of crack growth (fatigue crack growth, sustained load fracture and dynamic crack growth). There are also two chapters dealing with mechanisms of fracture and the ways in which actual material behaviour influences the fracture mechanics characterisation of crack growth. The reader will find that this last topic is treated to some way beyond that of a basic course.

This second edition is the result of numerous revisions, updates and additions. These were driven by the ongoing development of fracture mechanics, but also by teaching the fracture mechanics course at Delft University of Technology. The fracture mechanics parameters K, G and J are now treated in a more basic manner. Test methods for JIc and for crack arrest toughness are updated. The development of failure assessment based on elastic-plastic fracture mechanics is reflected in a comprehensive treatment. On the subject of subcritical crack growth more attention has been paid to the important topic of the initiation and growth of short fatigue cracks.

This textbook is intended primarily for engineering students. We hope it will be useful to practising engineers as well, since it provides the background to several new design methods, criteria for material selection and guidelines for acceptance of weld defects.

Contents: Part I Introduction 1. An Overview

Part II Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics 2. An Elastic Stress Field Approach 3. Crack Tip Plasticity 4. The Energy Balance Approach 5. LEFM Testing

Part III Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics 6. Basic Aspects of Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics 7. EPFM Testing 8. Failure Assessment Using EPFM

Part IV Fracture Mechanics Concepts for Crack Growth 9. Fatigue Crack Growth 10. Sustained Load Fracture 11. Dynamic Crack Growth and Arrest

Part V Mechanisms of Fracture in Actual Materials 12. Mechanisms of Fracture in Metallic Materials 13. The Influence of Material Behaviour in Fracture Mechanics Properties


http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/m004.htm










Euro 42.00


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LCA

LCA




Joost Vogtländer

A Fast Track guide to LCA Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), a well defined method to calculate the environmental burden of a product or service, has been made so complex that it seems to be a job for specialists only. This Practical Guide to LCA gives a hands on approach for students, designers, architects, and business managers with limited time. Starting with the common sense, and building on it with practical solutions for, sometimes, complex issues (like recycling). To assess the sustainability of your innovative ideas, practical guidance is given during the decision making process. It does not take a lot of time and a lot of money. The Fast Track LCA of this guide can be made in hours, and is just as accurate as the classical LCA. This guide shows also the way to enable cradle-to-cradle calculations: a. It provides practical solutions to calculate the impact of recycling b. It shows how to start with LCA in the early (fussy) design stages (Life Cycle Design) Contents: 1. Introduction 2. The system you want to study 3. The step by step approach and LCA as an iterative process 4. Transport and the use phase 5. End of life and by-products 6. Services in LCA 7. Cradle-to-Cradle 8. Carbon sequestration in wood 9. Land-use, water and other issues 10 Appendices References Abbreviations List of figures and tables Index URL on this book: http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/b018.htm








Euro 9.50


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LCA-based assessment of sustainability

LCA-based assessment of sustainability




Joost Vogtländer

From: 'our common future', G.H. Brundtland: 'The downward spiral of poverty and environmental degradation is a waste of opportunities and of resources. In particular it is a waste of human resources. These links between poverty, inequality, and environmental degradation formed a major theme in our analysis and recommendations. What is needed now is a new era of economic growth - growth that is forceful and at the same time socially and environmentally sustainable.' The key to such a better economy is the development of products and services which create more value and have a better eco-efficiency as well. The model of the Eco-costs/Value Ratio is an indispensable decision support tool for architects, designers, engineers and business managers. The model is LCA based, and enables cradle to cradle design. The model features an innovative approach to the issue of a single indicator in LCA, being the so called eco-costs. The calculation is transparent and relative simple and requires no weighting steps. Since the eco-costs system is a monetary system, comparisons and analyses are possible in combination of the market value (the fair price). This book is a compilation of the original publications on the subject. For the convenience of the reader, all tables and other data have been updated with the new eco-costs 2007 dataset. Contents: 1. Introduction 2. The virtual pollution prevention costs 3. The eco-costs and the EVR 4. Recycling and Cradle to Cradle 5. Eco-efficient value creation 6. Land-use 7. Communication 8. Road transport of consumer goods 9. Recycling of building materials 10 Appendices References Summary List of figures and tables Index URL: http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/b004.htm








Euro 19.50


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Materials science in design and engineering

Materials science in design and engineering




Pieter van Mourik

This is the first English-language edition of a textbook that was originally only available in Dutch. The authors, of whom Stephen Picken is a new co-author, have taken the opportunity to rewrite and update the text, thereby introducing new topics and new applications. The book is an introduction to a broad range of materials: metals, plastics, ceramics and biomaterials. Basic knowledge and relevant information is presented for designers and engineers concerning the design and manufacture of new products or the improvement of existing ones. Also, modern developments and future trends are treated, in particular in the field of functional polymers and materials of biological origin. Throughout the book the importance of the interaction between structure, properties, processing and manufacture is emphasized. This gives the designer the tools for an integrated product development. In all chapters illustrative examples and problems are included, providing exercises for the subjects discussed in the text. In addition at het end of the book the reader is presented more than 30 exercises to catalyze thinking and improve his skills. The authors are associated with Delft University of Technology. Pieter van Mourik and Jaap van Dam lectured on materials science for students of industrial design, materials science, mechanical and maritime engineering and aerospace engineering. Stephen Picken is full professor in polymer science. Contents Preface | 1. Introduction | 2 Properties and testing | 3 Structure of materials | 4 Alloys, solutions, mixtures, blends and composites | 5 Iron and steel | 6 Non-ferrous metals | 7 Synthetic polymers | 8 Materials of biological origin | 9 Ceramics | 10 Processing | 11 Material selection, design and manufacturing Appendix 1. Standardization and nomenclature | Appendix 2. Properties of selected engineering materials | Appendix 3. Answers to Problems | Appendix 4. Exercises | References | Index | About the authors URL: http://www.vssd.nl/hlf/m017.htm








Euro 37.50


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