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Taal en cultuur

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Taal en cultuur algemeen







A free wortu/the free word




Sylvana van den Braak

Free speech (Fri Wortu) is not common in Surinam. Sylvana van den Braak shows how, after the military coup in the 1980s, a period began of censorship and dictatorship. Despite democratic elections, the government is still trying, in his own special way, to influence the media. The business community agrees with it. Besides that the small community of Surinam and the relationships pave the way for self-censorship. The truth can only be heard on the street, where the local language Sranan is spoken. Dutch is the language of government and business, and these are not to be trusted. The journalist can make the difference, but journalism has to go a long way when it comes to inform the people correctly. A publication of the Eva Tas Foundation. The Eva Tas Foundation encourages publication and promotion of texts that are, no matter where and no matter how, subject to censorship.

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Bans, jails and shameless lies




Fréderike Geerdink

Press freedom in Turkey is a hot topic. If a (well known) journalist is detained, prosecuted or sacked in Turkey, the news is covered in full in many Western countries. Nevertheless, many articles and reports reveal only a part of what really happens: they tell the story of the journalist, newspaper or TV broadcaster involved, but not that of the underlying mechanisms. No wonder: these are not easy to explain in a paragraph or two, or in two or three minutes. ¿¿On the one hand, the lack of press freedom in Turkey is an extremely brief story - it doesn't exist - but on the other it reveals a knot of undemocratic laws, feeble journalistic traditions and huge economic and political interests that are hard to entangle. For the first time this booklet takes the covers off the mechanisms, illustrated with examples to render the Turkish media landscape as intelligible as possible. It has been written by the journalist Fréderike Geerdink. She was a correspondent in Turkey from 2006 to 2015, when she was deported by the Turkish authorities for doing her work as a journalist. Over recent decades, dozens of journalists in Turkey have not survived the lack of press freedom in their country. A number of their portraits have been included in this booklet in commemoration of them. A publication of the Eva Tas Foundation. The Eva Tas Foundation encourages publication and promotion of texts that are, no matter where and no matter how, subject to censorship.

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Censorship alert




Peter de Haan

Dutch economist and diplomat Peter de Haan describes the worrying increase of censorship and self-censorship in the world. A rising number of journalists, bloggers, and writers can't any longer write as they please; some flee their home country, others are tortured, incarcerated, or are even killed. This essay depicts what happened during the past decade regarding freedom of expression and censorship in the world and tells the shocking stories of some of its victims.¿¿He demonstrates a negative relationship between censorship and economic development. The more a regime clamps down on freedom of the media, the poorer its economic development. Welfare economics pays attention to the role of culture in society: the promotion of culture adds to the well being of citizens. Peter de Haan recalls that culture also promotes - through its inspirational strength - innovation and a society's economic development. Famous economists, writers, and philosophers have argued that there is also a relationship between freedom - including freedom of expression - and democracy. This booklet also provides a long list of international organizations defending freedom of expression and freedom of the media, including information about what they do and how victims of censorship can benefit from them. A publication of the Eva Tas Foundation. The Eva Tas Foundation encourages publication and promotion of texts that are, no matter where and no matter how, subject to censorship.

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Diappearing public spheres




Parvez Alam

'State of Nature' and 'State of exception' have become the only two options for the people of Bangladesh recently, where writers, bloggers and publishers are getting killed by Al-Qaeda affiliates and persecuted by the Government. Empowerment of polarizations such as 'secular' verses 'Islamists' have also empowered the ruling regime and Islamist extremist groups. Severe censorship on all kind of media has suffocated freedom of expression. New public spheres that had emerged in the internet era are also in decline under terror, censorship, intimidation, and curfew.¿¿Several bloggers, writers, publishers and activists have become victims of terrorist attacks in Bangladesh, with most of them killed. As a culture of impunity persists, many have been forced to leave the country, and Parvez Alam is one of them. Parvez is a Bangladeshi blogger and writer who has written several books in his own language on history of Islam, secularism in Bangladesh and political Islam. He is also an activist who worked with several social and political platforms until he had to leave Bangladesh in the face of death threats and being featured in several hit lists. In Disappearing Public Spheres he outlines the major events that unfolded in Bangladesh during the recent years and analyses the rise and decline of internet era public spheres in his country. As a close witness, he writes a history of slow death and transformation of heterotopic spaces where once the internet era revolutionaries of his generation had united and expressed themselves. It is also a personal story, and a history of revolutionary utopia coming to an end. It is a history of death and persecution, censorship and autocracy. A publication of the Eva Tas Foundation. The Eva Tas Foundation encourages publication and promotion of texts that are, no matter where and no matter how, subject to censorship.

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French as language of intimacy in the modern age



This book places francophonie in a historical perspective, a relatively new concept, and studies it in a large geographical area with a number of as yet undocumented cases. In the 16th and 17th centuries, French was the language of the Huguenots, as well as the vehicle for international commercial and diplomatic relations, the language of the Republic of Letters, and widely used in the dissemination of learning. In the Gallicized Europe of the 18th century and throughout the Continent in the 19th century, French became a fashionable medium of expression. In countries such as The Netherlands, Russia, Romania, Italy, Egypt and Turkey, French was not only the principal language for international contacts, but was also widely used within the upper classes for personal correspondence, diaries, travel journals and memoirs. The use of French outside France has mainly been studied as to its role in public life. This book is innovative in that it concentrates on the use of French in private life and analyzes several types of unpublished personal documents from various countries. In studying this phenomenon the contributors to this volume try to place it in context, analyzing the various ways in which French was used as well as its relation to the mother tongue of the user. NB CHICAGO CATALOGUSTEKST: For centuries, French was the language of international commercial and diplomatic relations, a near-dominant language in literature and poetry, and was widely used in teaching. It even became the fashionable language of choice in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries for upper class Dutch, Russians, Italians, Egyptians, and others for personal correspondence, travel journals, and memoirs. This book is the first to take a close look at how French was used in that latter context: outside of France, in personal and private life. It gathers contributions from historians, literary scholars, and linguists and covers a wide range of geographical areas.








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Gagged




Amir Valle

Amir Valle (Cuba, 1967) offers a unique analysis of the suppression of freedom of expression in Cuba by Fidel Castro's 'revolutionary' government. From the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959 to the 'Raulist Era' of today, he offers a chilling survey of the most significant cases of cultural repression and censorship perpetrated by the longest Communist dictatorship in the world. From their beginnings in literature and journalism, the author has witnessed first hand the oppressive and painful wounds inflicted by censorship and cultural repression. He is detested by the dictatorship of the Castro brothers for his ethical stance, his intellectual honesty, his knowledge of the reality of political and cultural power in Cuba, and his work as a writer and journalist to reveal the sinister truths Castroism wants to conceal from the world. A publication of the Eva Tas Foundation. The Eva Tas Foundation encourages publication and promotion of texts that are, no matter where and no matter how, subject to censorship.

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Idolizing authorship



Though fame might be fickle, it is what drives contemporary culture. We live in a celebrity society, which revolves around movie stars, pop idols, political icons, and sport heroes. However, celebrity is not only reserved for the world of entertainment or popular culture. In literary history, too, celebrities can be found. Throughout the centuries, readers have idolized writers - for their extra-ordinary life styles, their shocking opinions, or their enigmatic personalities. These 'star authors' succeeded in creating their own branded identities and continue to offer influential models of identity construction. Though celebrity authorship has received a great deal of critical attention so far, there has been no broad overview of literary celebrity that combines authors from different nationalities, eras, and statures. This volume provides exactly this. It bundles insights from scholars with expertise in a variety of national literatures. Exploring both more and less known literary celebrities, all contributors analyse how authors create a public image, and how readers co-construct the celebrity image and allow it to circulate in the cultural domain. As a whole, the volume allows for transhistorical and transnational comparisons and offers intriguing new insights in the history of literary celebrity.






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Linguistic and cultural foreign policies of European States



The internal language policy pursued by European monarchies and European states has been widely studied. But their linguistic and cultural policies in territories outside their own borders and beyond their control have, to date, been relatively under-researched. This volume fills this gap and distinguishes and analyses several types of linguistic and cultural foreign policies. Such policies tended not to be proclaimed officially, but had a lasting impact both linguistically (dissemination of a royal or national language outside its area of mandatory use) and culturally (dissemination of beliefs and values, arts, manners, fashions, courtly values).






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Secularism, assimilation and the crisis of multiculturalism

Secularism, assimilation and the crisis of multiculturalism




Yolande Jansen

This remarkable study develops a theoretical critique of contemporary discourses on secularism and assimilation, arguing that the perspective of assimilating distinct religious minorities by incorporating them into a secular and supposedly neutral public sphere may be self-subverting. To flesh out this insight, Jansen draws on the paradoxes of assimilation as experienced by the French Jews in the late 19th century through a contextualised reading of Proust's In Search of Lost Time. She proposes a dynamic, critical multiculturalism as an alternative to discourses focusing on secularism, assimilation and integration.






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